Dolomitesby Chris the Tall Jan/2005
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© Chris the Tall, Dec 2004
Q: Why should I go?
A: It's a superb area for a climber who wants to explore high mountains without the complications of snow and ice climbing. Everything is easier than it looks, so you can get into really interesting and spectacular locations without too much difficulty. This is the birth place of the Via Ferrata, but there are also long classic routes, sports climbs of all standards and even bouldering if you're that way inclined.
Q: When should I go?
A: Beginning of June to end of September. However at the start of that period there may still be snow left over from the winter, and towards the latter half of September it may get too cold to do much climbing. Also you may wish to avoid mid-July to late August" it's very busy and also there's an increased risk of thunderstorms
Q: What is the weather like?
Q: How do I get there?
A: Some people drive, but it's about 12 hours' driving time from Calais. Plus, do you really want to drive on narrow mountain roads in a right hand drive car? The closest airports in Italy are Treviso and Venice (Marco Polo), but Verona, Brescia and Bergamo are all within three hours. Alternatively there's Innsbruck in Austria. Low-cost airlines such as BMIBaby, Ryanair and Easyjet all use the Italian airports, but watch out for the baggage allowance.
Q: Hire Car or Public transport?
A: Hire cars are expensive, minimum £150 per week, but BMC members can get a discount through Hertz. There is a good bus network that is pretty reliable, but you might find yourself somewhat limited in range; it's also difficult to make an early start, and you might get stuck if you have an epic.
Q: Where should I/we stay?
For those who like a bit more comfort, you can get catered chalets in Arabba and Pedraces, along with organising walking and Via Ferrata trips at http://www.colletts.co.uk.
Q: What are Via Ferrata?
Q: What equipment do I need?
Q: Which system should I use?
A: The advantage of the Petzl systems is that they work if either or both of the krabs are clipped into the cable, whereas with the KISA system you should only have one krab clipped, except when passing a bolt.
However the advantage of the KISA system is that you can customise the length of the rope, allowing you to move further away from the cables, which is useful if you're a purist who likes to climb the rock.
Q: Can I use slings rather than a KISA system?
A: No, absolutely not. If, for example, you were 4m above a bolt (a fairly standard gap) and fell onto a 1m sling, you would take a factor 5 fall on something which doesn't stretch. (If you don't know about fall factors: a fall factor of 1 or more is considered serious on a dynamic - ie stretchy - rope, and often given as grounds to retire it from active duty.) The dramatic deceleration means that if neither the sling nor the cable breaks, your back probably will, and this can really put a dampener on your whole day. You may think there's no risk of you falling, but someone above you could fall on to you, or dislodge some rocks.
The krabs are specialised as well, being AutoLocking. A simple snapgate is neither sturdy nor secure enough, and a screwgate is too cumbersome.
Q: Is it possible to hire VF kits?
Q: Could you recommend some routes?
- Grade 2 (Beginners)
- TchirSpitz (Passo Gardena)
- Grade 3 (Intermediate)
- Tridentina (Passo Gardena)
- Piz de Lech (Corvara)
Grade 4 (Advanced)
- Trincee (Arraba)
- Possnecker(Passo Sella)
- Grade 5 (Long and Hard!)
- Punta Anna/Tofana (Cortina)
- Tommaselli (Passo Falzerago)
- Eterna Brigata (Mamolada)
Q: What is a good grade to start at?
A: I started on a 5, but in the company of an expert. A climber who is fit and can lead VS will have no problems on any of the routes in the Dolomites, but it is worth doing an easy one (Grade 2 or 3) so as to get used to the gear, the techniques and the exposure!
Q: Which guidebook should I buy?
A: For Via Ferrata, Cicerone have recently published 2 excellent volumes by John Smith and Graham Fletcher. The first covering the North Central & East area (and all the ones I've recomended), the second covering the West, Brenta and Lake Garda area.
For climbing, the best one in English is 100 Classic Dolomite Climbs by Kohler (link to Rock+Run online shop; opens in new window).
My advice is to photocopy the topos of any routes you intend to climb before you go out there. There's also the Ron James guide for those who prefer to make things difficult for themselves. Once out there you will find a tempting array of glossy guides, none of which are in English but most of which do have good topos. There is a very useful guide to Sport climbing around Cortina, which covers both sport and Trad routes at Cinque Torre. Unfortunately the apparent lack of definitive guides to the trad routes seems to result in excessive popularity of those in the selected guides.
Also worth considering is Arrampicate in Dolomiti a two language book which contains descriptions of 75 classic routes around Cortina, costs 11 euro, and can be ordered directly from email@example.com.
Q: Where should I go for climbing?
Falzerago Towers, Vajolet Towers, Tofana de Rozes, Punta Fiammes, Tre Cima, Civetta ä.you name 'em, I've not done 'em, but I'd like to!
Q: What gear do I need?
A: A helmet is essential - there is a lot of loose rock around. Most people recommend taking 2 50m routes rather than a single rope, the main reason being that on some routes abseil stations and belay points are 50m apart. Take a good selection of nuts, a few hexes and plenty of slings. Friends can be useful if you're trying to move quickly, but generally I've found them an unnecessary weight. The amount of fixed gear varies from route to route - bolt belays are fairly common, as are pegs. Often you'll find that the crux section has plenty of gear (sometimes far more than you need), but as soon as you reach easier ground it disappears and becomes less obvious where the route goes.
Q: Is there any sports climbing?
A: Some would mock you for that question, but sports climbing is a good option when the weather is a bit doubtful, or it's cold, or you're having a short day, or you've used up your allowance of epics. Apart from Cinque Torre, there an excellent slab at Saas di Stria with routes up to F6a (same guide book). At the Sella Pass there is a collection of huge boulders called the Citta di Saas, and there's even more stuff futher down the valley. But beware, the Italians are not generous with their grades, particularly on steep routes, and you are at altitude.
Q: How do I avoid an epic?
A: Remember these rules:
- Set off early
- Check where the route goes before you get to the bottom of the crag - what may look obvious on a photo and from a distance, can look a bit less obvious when you are directly below it
- If your descent involves a cable car, check the time of the last one
- Carry a torch
Planetmountain.com contains worldwide climbing information but the impetus is on the Dolomites. Of particular interest are the databases Dolomites Rock and Via Ferrate Trekking each complete with descriptions, photos and route topos. The site also gives information about the great sport climbing in the Dolomites.
If you would like to add to this list then please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org and we will add them.
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