Squamish is easy to get to. Flights to Vancouver and the Whistler bound bus. I would say a car is needed to go to Canmore. If you're planning on going soon, bring your ice axes!
There isn't a lot of detail in your post but Canmore will be too cold to do much sport climbing now. If you were planning a summer trip then you could get away without a car provided you had some contacts or were prepared to hitch or jump on a bus.
You could easily walk to Cougar canyon or Grassi but even Grotto or Heart creek arent too far out of town.
Best guide book will be Bow Valley Sport
So again, at the risk of some confusion in your post, Squamish is in BC and you get to it as the previous poster said. Canmore is about 3/4 of an hour out of Calgary on the No.1 highway heading west. There will bbe buses from Calgary to Canmore.
In the summer, right after spring. ;-)
Yep. plenty of bunkhouse stuff to stay in.
Just to expand a little on the summer weather. It is mountain weather so it can be quite changeable and early season can still get quite cold especially at night. Bring clothes for this.
Lots of campsites and bunkhouses but a word of warning on the campsites. Some will charge per site and it doesn't matter whether you have a one man tent or a full sized RV, the cost is the same.
The Alpine club hut just out of town is excellent especially if you want a bit of quiet and don't want to take a tent over.
Will Gadd has a really good description of the Rockies climbing cycle on his gravsports website. The website is not pretty but there's great info there from one of the good guys.
Confused. Are you going ice climbing or 'summer' climbing?
Yeah, mats are fine on planes if your happy to pay the extra. Might work out more economical and less hassle to hire one here from Climb On in Squamish.
Elsewhere on the site
F ounded in 1993, Mountain Hardwear are a pretty young mountaineering clothing and equipment manufacturer but are also one of... Read more
At a bar in Llanberis an old man chimed in And I thought he was out of his head Being a young man I just laughed it off When... Read more
Perhaps the perfect Xmas gift for the climber in your life... Wild Country's Crack School has two of the worlds best crack... Read more
On Saturday 13th December Greg Boswell and Guy Robertson kicked off their Scottish winter season early by making the... Read more