Strength of Gravity Officially in Decline

by Jack Geldard - UKC Chief Editor Apr/2014
This news story has been read 23,501 times

Gravity is central to climbing, in that it holds us to the earth's surface, and makes pulling ourselves up steep rocks pretty damn hard. But what if gravity (G) isn't a constant force?

Measurements of G are so unreliable that the current 'official' (year 2010) value is actually an average of recent findings. However a modern version of the original gravitational measurement procedure has thrown up some interesting results.

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+James Pearson climbing in the Grande Grotta, Kalymnos, 59 kb
James Pearson climbing in the Grande Grotta, Kalymnos
© Mick Ryan, Oct 2013

G was first measured in 1798 by British scientist Henry Cavendish using a device that measures the twisting of a wire due to the gravitational attraction of two pairs of accurately measured masses. Fast forward to modern times and scientists at the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) in Paris, France, and the University of Birmingham, have measured G using modern methods and found startling results.

"Looking through the average G value over the past 60 years, we have discovered that gravity is reducing slowly."

There have been various theories over the last two decades regarding an oscillating G - gravity gaining and losing in strength on a cycle, but this fresh evidence points more toward an ever decreasing gravitational pull. The new (2013) value for G is 240 parts per million smaller than the official one, set in 2010 and an astonishing 13,450 parts per million smaller than new calculations from measurements taken in 1954.

In layman's terms, climbing these days is actually easier than it was 60 years ago by around 2.7%.

On top of the overall trend of gravitational decline, the value of G is well known to fluctuate area to area, depending on a variety of factors including the outward centrifugal force produced by the earth's rotation, the equatorial bulge (thickening of the earth at the equator) altitude and most importantly to climbers; gravitational anomalies due to denseness of the earth's crust.

Gravitational anomalies can affect G by up to 4.04% + or - from the average value, with some rare outlying areas (usually small islands) bringing in even wider ranging results.

With some assistance from the UK Department of Gravitational Geophysics, we have come up with a table of common climbing destinations and their estimated gravitational difference from the norm. The table starts with the highest gravity areas and ends with those areas of lowest known gravitational pull.

1: Buoux, France +4.04%

2: Verdon Gorge, France +3.72%

3: Almscliff, Yorkshire +2.22%

4: Frankenjura, Germany +0.74%

5: Stanage, England 0% (Average)

6: Portland, England -2.01%

7: Terradets, Spain -3.55%

8: Kalymnos, Greece -17.30%

Given the alarmingly large discrepancy in gravitational pull, we will be adjusting the UKC logbook grades accordingly, meaning that 8a you just climbed in Kalymnos is being downgraded to 7b. And well done to all those who have spent their holidays in Buoux!


Forums ( Read More... | 34 comments, 01 Apr 2014 )
Is G really changing? I'm a bit worried about the effect on the solar system and galaxy if this is the case. If it is declining I think we may end up orbiting further from the sun which would hopefully improve winter...
PGD - 01 Apr 2014

Believe it or not, near the summit of Everest you're so near the moon that its gravity overcomes the earth's gravity. If you weigh less than 50 kg, you must stay clipped into the the fixed ropes, or you can just float...
abseil - 01 Apr 2014

You have missed out some important values: Curbar: +7.1% High Tor: +5.4% Cratcliffe: +5.1% Millstone: +4.9% Dinas Cromlech: 0% (UK average) Lower Sharpnose: -3.7% Shorn Cliff: -13.6% Lleyn: doesn't matter because you...
Misha - 01 Apr 2014

Ah, this is good! I have long advocated for a special button on 8a.nu to exclude all Kalymnos ascents. But gravity takes care of that! So now my friends (whom I beat on crimpy seeping mosquito infested Swedish granite...
Michael Hjorth - 01 Apr 2014

This is quite correct . It is due to symmetry breaking in the recently discovered but long predicted Higgs Field . The Higgs boson interacts strongly with top quarks giving them mass . The mass of the top quark varies...
tony draper - 01 Apr 2014

well theres the irony, gravity and the magnetic poles all relate to flows in the molten core and both can and are changing: http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/1112717867/earth-core-magnetic-field-gravity-102312/ all...
LeeWood - 01 Apr 2014

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