Mike Reardon on the hardest multi-pitch solo: "Romantic Warrior" (V 5.12b), Needles, California
We all realize we need new skills in order to improve. To climb the next grade, a more difficult mountain, or bigger wall requires us to learn. And we value learning, right? At times our actions and expectations, though, don't reflect this. Let's look at a few examples.
First, we limit learning by operating from past experience. Here our expectations are driven by what we know as normal and those expectations are superimposed on our present situation. In Rock and Ice (R&I) #142 Matt Samet writes about Michael Reardon's free soloing in “Meet Mr. Producer.” Reardon reported that he soloed 280 routes at Joshua Tree with several rated 5.12/5.13. After posting this on a climbing website, detractors quickly posted their doubts. What's interesting is not whether or not he did it, but the expectations people had about what was possible. 280 routes done in that style is quite a feat and not something that happens every day. So what seems normal and to be expected is very different than what Reardon accomplished.
This type of expectation isn't just something affecting climbers today. In the 1860s the race was on to be the first to climb the Matterhorn in Switzerland. Duane Raleigh writes about the first ascent by Edward Whymper in “Cold Case” (R&I #144). The race for the first ascent was largely between Carrel (Italian) and Whymper (British) both alternating assaults on the Zmutt Ridge—the lowest angle ridge on the mountain. Part way up, though, was a steep step they had not been able to climb. In May of 1865 Whymper and Carrel both arrived at the mountain aiming for another assault on the Zmutt Ridge. Carrel, however, beat Whymper to the ridge. Whymper decided to attempt the steeper Hornli Ridge as a last ditch effort to beat Carrel to the summit. Carrel again was stopped by the step on the Zmutt Ridge. Whymper found the Hornli was a series of small rock steps that he could basically walk up like a staircase. Past experience created perceptions of what was considered easy—low angle equals easy. This past experience caused both climbers to expect difficulty on the Hornli and ease on the Zmutt, exactly the opposite of what the climbing actually was. Expectations based on past experience limited their ability to learn from the present.
A cannonade on the Matterhorn, July 1862. © Freda Raphael Historical Archive
Second, we destroy learning and motivation by creating expectations based on end-results. When we value the end-result, we are motivated by it. If we achieve the end-result, we stay motivated; if we don't, we lose motivation. Attention is focused on attaining the result instead of on learning what is required in the moment. Samet's article “You Wanna be a Climber, Son?!” (R&I #143) reflects this end-result expectation. Matt describes how parents have end-result driven expectations of their children and what they value. The persuasion to achieve the end results is exemplified in a real conversation that was overheard at a comp. Samet quotes:
And after the comp
Many of us have this type of expectation and are just unconscious of it. We value the result and create expectations based on that result. Our attention gets distracted from learning and what we need to do in the moment to climb well. We end up fearing we won't achieve it. And then, when we don't, we lose motivation.
Finally, we create controversy and focus our energy on destroying people's reputation. This usually happens when we are jealous or envious of someone's accomplishment. The article on Michael Reardon introduced earlier is one possible example of this. Another example is described by Duane Raleigh in the Matterhorn article involving the Whymper team. On the descent, the seven members were roped together, Whymper in the back followed by the two guides (father and son named Taugwalder) and then four clients in the front. It was standard practice to have the most experienced climbers in the back to “belay” in case of a fall. As they crossed over the North Face one of the clients slipped causing a chain reaction. Whymper and the Taugwalders braced for the impact. Instead of pulling them off, the rope broke leaving Whymper and the guides alone and the four clients tumbling down the North Face. Whymper and the guides were suspected of fowl play and even accused of cutting the rope. The Taugwalders reputation as guides was destroyed. Mammut recently did tests on similar rope (half inch hemp) and concluded the rope probably couldn't have held such a force. All these years, attention was focused on creating controversy instead of being focused on learning what caused the accident or how it could have been avoided on future climbs.
Whether we are limited by expectations based on past experience, end results, or creating controversy we distract attention from learning. We all need to become keenly aware whether or not we truly value learning. If we do, our expectations will also change.
Mike Reardon, naked, soloing "Airy Interlude" (III, 5.10b), Needles, California
Images © Mark Niles/Michael Reardon and Cannonade © Freda Raphael Historical Archive
Check out Mike Reardon's website the Free Soloist
Arno Ilgner is founder and president of Desiderata Institute, a multi-faceted medium which includes the Warrior's Way Course — designed to specifically help climbers overcome mental obstacles that are inhibiting their performance. Since 1973 Arno has developed and perfected specific physical and mental training methods, which are not only unique but highly effective as well. These methods are taught in the Warrior's Way Course. Through the Institute he also guides clients on mountains and cliffs in the Southeast USA. He served as a platoon leader in the US Army with tours of duty in Korea and Colorado has been a member of the American Alpine Club since 1983. He co-authored the first guide book to Fremont Canyon in Wyoming, and has published articles in Rock & Ice, Boulderdash! and Climbing magazines. Arno's interests range from mountaineering, to sport climbing, long free traditional routes, to big wall climbing.