Photography: Preparing photos for the Internetby Nick Smith - UKC Feb/2005
This article has been read 30,964 times
|How to ruin a good photo!|
Move the mouse pointer over the photo for the good copy
The methods described in this article can be used with pretty much every graphics and photo editing package available on all types of computer. You may use a free package that came with your digital camera or scanner, and there are many dozens of alternatives, some of which are available as free downloads. The Rolls Royce of photo editing packages is Adobe Photoshop, but at a cost of £600 it is definitely overkill for this sort of simple work! See the Links section at the end of this article for some useful downloads.
Here are 4 simple steps to follow for better photos in your UKC gallery:
1. Resizing your photos
2. Sharpening after resizing
3. Saving as a JPEG
4. Check before uploading to the Internet
The example I'm using in this article is a cropped section of a photo of Hey Jude, a climb in Sardinia.
Most photos, whether they are from a digital camera or scanned from film, will start off at a high resolution, suitable for printing. Even a basic 2 megapixel camera will take photos at around 1600 by 1200 pixels, which is too large for easy viewing on a computer screen.
So firstly, choose a size (measured in pixels wide by pixels tall) that will work well on most computer screens, without forcing people to scroll their browser window in order to see different parts of your photo. Most people use 15" - 19" screens, with a screen resolution of between 1024 and 1280 pixels wide. A "good" size for a photo on the Internet is around 1000 pixels wide if it is a 'landscape format' photo (i.e., wider than it is tall), or around 800 pixels tall if it is a 'portrait format' photo (i.e., taller than it is wide).
Next you need to use a program to resize your photo down to this size (this is also called 'resample' or 'rescale' in different programs). Don't confuse this with cropping your photo, which means chopping bits off of the photo - resizing will keep the whole photo, but just reduce the number of pixels to the size you want.
Resized with anti-alias
Resized with Microsoft Photo Editor
Some resizing methods leave you with 'jaggies' or jagged lines. If you are getting these try using a different resizing method. There may be an option in the resizing tool called "anti-aliasing" which you should switch on. The worst packages for resizing photos seem to be Microsoft Paint, and Microsoft Photo Editor (included with Office 97) - you are better off using one of the free packages like Irfanview or The GIMP.
We've prepared a page that shows How to resize Photos in your Graphics Package, with screenshots & clear step-by-step instructions.
For some photos, you'll notice that they look a bit 'soft' and out of focus after resizing. These can be improved with use of a sharpen tool (called Unsharp Mask or USM in Adobe Photoshop).
Slightly soft after resizing
As with any tool, it is easy to get carried away. A photo that has been obviously oversharpened can look much worse than a slightly soft photo. It is also worth realising that a sharper photo will save as a bigger JPEG file (because of all the edge detail) which might make it harder to create a small, high quality JPEG.
We mentioned basic sharpening here, but there are dozens of specialised techniques and expensive Photoshop-compatible plugins that can provide very realistic sharpening. e.g., focus the subject while keeping a background soft, not introducing sharpening 'halos', etc. There is a good article "Understanding Sharpening" on the Microsoft website, with Photoshop examples.
JPEG files (filenames with the suffix .JPG on some computers) are photographic images that have been compressed using a particular method that makes the files much smaller and hence much faster to download. Your graphics package will let you save your photo as a JPEG with various different quality settings - unfortunately these options are called lots of different things, depending on which graphics package you use! For example, the JPEG quality setting might be called the compression setting, and it might be a simple high/medium/low setting, or a number 1..10 or even 1..100.
The higher the quality of the saved JPEG, the less compression that is used, and the larger the file ends up being. You can experiment by saving a photo at different settings. As you reduce the quality, you'll begin to see unwanted 'compression artefacts' such as halos around detailed areas, blocky colour in skies or seas, and eventually bleeding of colours and loss of details.
UKClimbing limits photo uploads to be no more than 250kb, which makes for faster downloads and also saves money on the site bandwidth bill. So the 'trick' is to find a JPEG quality where your photo looks good, but is also under the file size limit. For some photos with a lot of detail in them, it might seem impossible to get them under 250kb, in which case you will need to start again from your original hi-resolution photo and this time choose a lower resolution, such as 800 by 600 pixels instead of 1000 x 750 pixels.
A good rule is use the highest JPEG quality you can, which means a file size of between 150kb and 250kb. You can read more about JPEG settings with screenshots from popular packages at about.com.
If you aren't confident about whether you've used the right JPEG quality, load the photo back and check it. When you save your photo, most packages don't show you how the quality is being effected, so the best way to check is to load the new JPEG into your web browser, so you can see exactly what it will look like on the Internet. If you are using Windows, you can view a local photo in your web browser by clicking the filename with the right mouse button, then choosing 'Open with -> Internet Explorer' from the menu.
If you don't like the settings, delete the photo, and save again at a different setting. Make sure that you use the original file to work from, not the poor quality one!
When you are happy with the file, you can upload it to your UKClimbing gallery by going to Upload your photos.
Nick Smith is an enthusiastic amateur photographer, and does all the technical development of the UKClimbing site. He welcomes constructive criticism of his photo gallery. He is also looking for climbers willing to be photographed!
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