The new flagship hot-forged DMM Alpha karabiners are now available. There are four 'biners in the range - a Trad, a Trad Light, plus two sport versions designed specifically for opposite ends of a sport climbing quickdraw - but the Alpha Trad Light isn't available yet. The Alpha Trad are shaped to make them easy to clip, less likely to reverse clip, and have grippy grooves on the back to make them easier to handle. So how do they perform on the crag? Steve Long tests out some Alpha Trad quickdraws.
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When offered the opportunity to try DMM's new flagship quickdraws I naturally jumped at the chance, because connected to each end of the quickdraw is the latest in hot-forged karabiner design. Would the Alpha Trad provide the key to the remarkable return to form that I've been planning for the last few months? Alas it would appear that technique, strength and resolve are still the main missing ingredients, but I immediately noticed a reduction in the weight hanging from my gear loops and soon discovered more subtle points that will definitely aid my free climbing for one range and free my aid climbing for the other.
I would recommend purchasing the Alpha Trad quickdraws as ready-made sets. They come in seven different colours (as will the Light version). The gear end karabiner has a silver body, while the rope end has a charcoal coloured body, with five other colours available for those who like to colour co-ordinate karabiners with tape or gear anodising.
Pete Johnson following Eraserhead (E5, Gogarth Main Cliff) showing Alpha Trad in use during testing
© Steve Long, Aug 2012
The other Alphas
As an aside, the Alpha Light (coming soon) will be a slightly smaller and lighter version of the Alpha Trad with similar strength but a narrower gate opening (I doubt whether the 2mms reduction in gate opening will make much difference but a smaller karabiner can be a disadvantage when you're stretching on tippy toes for in-situ gear). I also have some Alpha sport draws on test: the straight-gated 'Pro' is intended for the end that is clipped into runners, while the bent-gated 'Clip' has a very distinctive end curve to the gate. It's mostly straight at the hinge end, morphing into a bulbous hooking end with a soft curve to the inner face and a sharp curve at the opening end, which catches the finger or thumb very effectively for maximum leverage to ease gate opening.
Let's look first of all at the feature that is common to all of these karabiners the hot-forged body. This manufacturing process allows complex curves to be constructed, allowing different profiles at strategic positions and minimising weight while providing a greater diameter at the important points of contact at either end. DMM specialise in this process and you will already have seen it for example in ice axe shafts, where some sections need to be comfortable to grip and other parts need to balance weight with strength. The I-shaped construction profile, or perhaps a T-shape with varying profiles along the length, is the big advantage over the traditional forge process that tends to produce a uniform oval or circular wire profile. The shaping is dubbed an I-beam profile by DMM, a suitably descriptive title drawn from engineering lingo (used in metal lintels and floor joists for example).
"So do the quickdraws meet my personal wish-list? For the Alpha Trad, the answer is definitely yes..."The recessed facets this process creates are also used for branding, carrying various embossed text including the manufacturer name and load strengths as well as the model name near the gate. Enough of the technology all very impressive but what do we actually require from a karabiner-quickdraw combination? My personal main interest is in ground-up 'on-sight' climbing, so my personal wish list is:
Easy to clip into gear, and easy to get the rope into
All the Alpha karabiners share the same design characteristics for the main body, which has a distinctive hooked shape with a pronounced bend of about 30º curve to the back bar, allowing the gate opening to be maximised without compromising strength - a gate opening of 25-27 mms. All the models have a gate-closed strength of 24kN (apart from the Alpha Light - 23kN) and a gate-open strength of 9kN, which is pretty strong for snapgates, and reassuring in such a lightweight offering. An Alpha Light pair with the shortest quickdraw (12cms) weighs only 65 grams, which allows a rack of 10 'draws to weigh in at less than 700 grams that's 25 ounces in old money. A rack of Alpha Trads is only about 10% heavier, which still leaves plenty of room in your baggage allowance! The process also allows other features to be built in: the widest profile is situated at the 'business' ends, ie at the points where the rope runs over the apex and at the attachment point for the quickdraw.
"Each side has a unique curve that directs the live rope away from the opening in the event of a fall..."
DMM Alpha Trad
Available with 11mm Dyneema sling in 12cm, 18cm or 25cm lengths
1. The rope or a wire getting caught in a closure hook can prevent the karabiner shutting and therefore result in a gate open impact force. No closure hook = no fear of this problem.
Alpha Trads have quite a stiff gate, and I think that there are rare occasions when it might be difficult to open them for a 'gripper-clipper' situation - though all wire-gate krabs have this limitation. The asymmetrical design of the karabiner means that if you open the karabiner with your left hand, it is slightly more difficult to get a good purchase at the opening end the finger tends to slide toward the hinge, requiring more force to open. At your limit, with hands cramping this could be an issue for clipping a wire (a peg or bolt is easy you just shove the gate into the eye). However, I have an easy solution for this; just use your thumb to open the gate instead of a finger.
There is another, minor drawback to the design, which is only an issue with micro-wires and the occasional in-situ hanging tape the slightly bulbous nose shape can make it slightly harder to clip the runner, however I think the advantages of the clean profile far outweigh this last consideration. A limitation that I've noticed with all the Alpha karabiners is that the aggressive hook shape can make it difficult to clip them into in-situ gear at full-stretch, as the krab needs to be tilted backwards in order to set the right (ie fairly horizontal) trajectory for clipping a bolt hanger it's less of an issue for ring bolts. But for peace of mind knowing it will stay firmly clipped I think that it's a small price to pay.
The quickdraws have a very low profile at only 11mms in width, and available in 12cm, 18cm or 25cm lengths (with different coloured tape, allowing quick visual selection for the correct length). Personally I'm not too keen on the 25 cm version: I prefer the versatility of a 60cm sling tripled around two karabiners, so that it can be used either as a 20 cm extender or fully opened. However, the shorter quickdraws are excellent and the afore-mentioned rubber insert at the rope end (with the charcoal coloured karabiner) work perfectly for easy clipping. I would like the top karabiner to be held more firmly to rotate a little less freely, but this is a matter of personal taste. I should add that the karabiner body is shaped to work most effectively with a narrow tape, unlike the Alpha Sport, which is designed to work with wider tapes.
For on-sighting I think the Alpha Trad is the state of the art for both natural protection and sport climbing.
Steve Long at Lotus Summit
UKC Gear, Jan 2012
© Steve Long Collection
Steve Long is a qualified mountain guide, works for the MLT and is an extremely experienced instructor and climber. He has produced a DVD aimed at recreational climbers - Self Rescue for Climbers - which is a comprehensive guide to solving problems encountered in such situations as multi-pitching in the mountains, sea cliffs or roadside crags.
UKC Articles and Gear Reviews by Steve Long: