Ten Tips For Bouldering Outdoors

by Dave Flanagan Jan/2014
This article has been read 37,670 times

In this article, Dave Flanagan gives 10 tips on how to improve your bouldering experience when venturing outdoors for the first few times. 

Conan the Librarian on Mother Cap, one very early morning before work., 117 kb
Conan the Librarian on Mother Cap, one very early morning before work.
© Simon Richardson

Bouldering outdoors on rock is very different from bouldering indoors at the climbing wall, and this can come as a shock to some beginners. This article gives some advice to climbers who have done some bouldering indoors but are keen to get outside and find out what bouldering is really all about.

1. Start Slowly

Be prepared to struggle on your first few visits outdoors, it isn’t realistic to expect to immediately be able to climb at the same standard as you do indoors. Discover outdoor bouldering on your own terms, climb whatever you like the look of and don’t worry whether it’s an ‘established’ problem or if you are doing it the 'right' way.

Initially seek out areas that have plenty of low, easy problems with good landings. Consult the guidebook, ask around at the wall or post in the Bouldering Forum on UKC. Start on the easiest problems and work your way up through the grades, enjoying the movement and getting a feel for the rock and the style of climbing.

Easy angled slabs with plenty of big holds are the ideal boulder problems for beginners. Diarmuid Smyth in Roundstone, Galway, , 123 kb
Easy angled slabs with plenty of big holds are the ideal boulder problems for beginners. Diarmuid Smyth in Roundstone, Galway,
© David Flanagan,

2. Learn To Spot And Fall

Spotting is about guiding a falling climber safely to the ground. It isn't really that necessary indoors as the padding is so good but it's an essential part of bouldering outdoors. A good spotter gives the climber the confidence to focus 100% on the moves.

Spotting should be taken as seriously and done with just as much care and attention as belaying.

The primary goal of spotting is to protect the climber’s head from an impact. The spotter isn’t expected to catch the falling climber in their arms, only to guide them onto the pads, break their fall and ensure they land upright and in balance.

When spotting use a wide, firm stance with your hands reaching towards the climber’s midriff. Stand a few feet beyond the point where you expect the climber’s feet to hit the ground. Focus your attention on the area just above the hips rather than watching the hands or feet and don’t get distracted pointing out holds or studying the moves. Once the falling climber reaches your outstretched arms, guide them to the pad and away from any hazards. Remember to keep a firm grip on them until they have regained their balance.

A few pads and spotters can tame all but the very worst landings. Ricky Bell on Leftisim, Glendalough, Ireland. Photo by David
© David Flanagan,

It’s impossible to push your limits without falling off, so learning the proper falling technique is critical.

As you fall keep your torso vertical, your legs straight but not locked out, your toes pointed to the ground and your arms raised to reduce the risk of injuring your spotter. Bend your legs as you hit the ground to absorb the impact, but avoid sinking into a deep squat position as it’s very bad for the knees and you risk kneeing yourself in the face. Your legs won’t be able to absorb all the impact of long falls so as you bend your legs, drop sideways onto the pad with your knees, hips then shoulders. It’s a little undignified but a lot better than a broken ankle.

Soaking up the impact of a fall with the legs. Diarmuid Smyth greasing off Marie Rose, Cuvier, Fontainebleau. Photo by David Fl, 128 kb
Soaking up the impact of a fall with the legs. Diarmuid Smyth greasing off Marie Rose, Cuvier, Fontainebleau. Photo by David Fl
© David Flanagan,

3. Check The Descent

Most boulders have straightforward descents, but there are exceptions so it’s worth doing a quick reconnaissance of the down-climb before you set off up a boulder for the first time. While you are on top of the boulder you can check out the finishing moves and clean the holds if necessary.

4. Look After Your Skin

Bouldering on rough rock is very hard on the skin of the hands, especially the fingertips. Not only is it very uncomfortable when your tips get pink and tender, but they won’t grip as well, especially on small or slopey holds.

Ideally, the skin on our tips should be smooth - with no points of weakness where tears can start - thick - to make pulling on rough rock and sharp holds more comfortable - and supple - so that it conforms to the tiny indentations in the rock.

Climbing on big holds can give you large callouses which, as well as being uncomfortable, can cause flappers. A flapper is when you rip a large chunk of skin off, usually during a dynamic move. If you are unlucky enough to get one, wash it, press the flap of skin back in place and tape around it so you can continue climbing. Keep callouses in check by regularly filing them down with a pumice stone or fine sandpaper.

Chalk can dry the skin out so it’s vital to keep your skin moisturised as dry skin is much more likely to split and tear. Regularly apply hand cream or balm, look for one that will encourage the the growth of new skin as well as moisturise (Climb On and Palmer’s Cocoa Butter are excellent).

There is no short-cut to good skin, lots of bouldering on rough rock is the only way to build it up.

Your hands can take a beating bouldering on rough rock. Photo by David Flanagan., 164 kb
Your hands can take a beating bouldering on rough rock. Photo by David Flanagan.
© David Flanagan,

5. Learn About Friction And Understand Conditions

The ideal conditions for bouldering are cold, dry weather, this is when the friction between your hands and shoes and the rock is at it's best.

Beginners underestimate the difference good conditions can make and it's not an exaggeration to say that bouldering in good conditions is equivalent to cycling with the wind at your back. Understanding friction, knowing what constitutes good conditions and taking advantage of them can make the difference between success and failure.

Check out this article which explains a little of the science behind friction.

Good conditions are vital if you want to hold very sloping holds. Diarmuid Smyth on Camaderry Mountain, Wicklow, Ireland. Photo, 209 kb
Good conditions are vital if you want to hold very sloping holds. Diarmuid Smyth on Camaderry Mountain, Wicklow, Ireland. Photo
© David Flanagan,

6. Don't Get Bogged Down

You may hear experienced boulderers talking about their projects or see them out at the boulders, where, after a quick warm up, they spend their entire session trying one move. This approach, while worthy and the only way to climb problems that are at your absolute limit, isn't a good way to learn technique.

Beginners need mileage, they need to try lots of different moves and broaden their movement vocabulary.

At least for the first few months of your climbing career, a good rule of thumb would be to move on after a few failed attempts on a problem.

Ned Feehally repeating Will on the Mallory boulder, 234 kb
Ned Feehally repeating Will on the Mallory boulder
© Nick Brown

7. Footwork

A lot of beginners neglect their feet to concentrate on what their hands are doing. Needless to say this is a mistake, you can never put too much thought and effort into your footwork. Footwork should be deliberate, neat and quiet. Use the toe rather than the arch of your shoe, place your feet carefully, trying to keep them still as you transfer weight onto them.

The best way to improve your footwork is to put in some time bouldering on slabs, especially outdoors.

Choose low problems with good landings where you don't have to worry about falling. Attempting easier problems without using your hands will teach you a lot about balance and trusting your feet on marginal holds.

Silk start, 121 kb
Silk start
© madmats, Jan 2012

8. Respect The Rock

The ever increasing numbers of climbers has put a lot of pressure on the UK's most popular bouldering areas. There may also be a lack of awareness among some of newcomers to bouldering about the role they have to play in protecting the rock and minimising their impact on it.

And while bouldering is an activity without any formal rules or regulations, there is one maxim that all climbers agree on - respect the rock.

Never chip or alter holds in any way. If you can’t climb a problem as it stands train harder or leave it for someone better.
Never use a wire brush to clean holds, a stiff plastic bristled brush is sufficient.
Avoid excessive damage of vegetation when cleaning new problems.
Pof, a dried pine resin that increases friction, is used by a minority of climbers in Fontainebleau, but pof should never be used outside of Fontainebleau (if at all), as it polishes the rock, making the holds very slippery.
Make sure your shoes are clean and dry. Dirty shoes erode the rock significantly faster than clean ones.

9. Practise Your Top-outs

Indoors, you jump or down-climb from the final holds of each problem, but at most outdoor bouldering areas a problem isn’t considered finished until you are standing on top of the boulder or cliff. This process of getting established on the top of a problem is known as topping out.

Certain rock types, particularly granite and sandstone, tend to have featureless, rounded tops. This can mean that even if the final moves of the problem aren't technically the crux, it can feel that way thanks to the height and the fact that you are tired when you get there.

With top-outs, there is no substitute for good technique so get plenty practise on lower problems before testing yourself on higher ones. This is especially important for climbers who don’t have much experience of bouldering outdoors as even relatively easy top-outs can feel strenuous, insecure and scary if your technique is lacking.

Howard Lawledge bellyflopping on the top-out of Pope's Prow, V6, Buttermilks, California, 80 kb
Howard Lawledge bellyflopping on the top-out of Pope's Prow, V6, Buttermilks, California
© Tom Ripley

10. Visit Font

Fontainebleau, aka Font, is probably the best bouldering area in the world. Located just an hour south of Paris it's easily accessible for a weekend trip from anywhere in the UK.

The huge forest that surrounds the town of Fontainebleau is littered with boulders of all shapes and sizes. The impeccable sandstone is famous for it's sloping holds and desperate top-outs making Font a great place to further your understanding of technique and body positioning. With a huge range of bouldering from children’s circuits to some of the hardest problems in the world, there is plenty of problems no matter what grade you climb.

There is no shortage of balancy aretes in Font. Michael O'Dwyer on L'Angle du Serac, Isatis, Fontainebleau.
© David Flanagan,

Front cover of Bouldering Essentials, 149 kb
Front cover of Bouldering Essentials
© David Flanagan
About the Author

David Flanagan is a writer and publisher from Dublin, Ireland. First and foremost a boulderer he has in the last year began to rediscover the joys of trad climbing. He has just published his second book, Bouldering Essentials – The Complete Guide to Bouldering.

“Bouldering Essentials is packed with clear, practical advice for everyone interested in bouldering whether a complete beginner looking to learn the basics, an indoor climber keen to start bouldering outdoors or an experienced boulderer who wants to explore advanced topics such as dynamics, strategy, tactics and highballing.

With a foreword by renowned climber Johnny Dawes, the book features over 200 stunning photos from the best bouldering areas in the world including Bishop, Castle Hill, Fontainebleau, Hueco Tanks and Rocklands, this book will provide all the inspiration and information you need to reach your full potential as a boulderer.”

Buy it HERE

Forums ( Read more )
More information Three Rock Books

Staff Picks

Jul 2012

thumb In this interview Jack Geldard talks to Alexandra Schweikart, one of Germany's top female climbers. Her travels have taken her... Read more

What's Hot Right Now

20 Sep 2017

thumb Stanage will hopefully be enjoyed for generations to come, but the landscape and the access we enjoy cannot be taken for granted.... Read more

Top Spot: Climbing Destination

Aug 2009

thumb 'The stunning orange limestone walls of Taghia are known to visitors as having some of the greatest multi-pitch bolted routes... Read more