Gordon Brown Announces Free Map Data

Charles Arthur on the first crux of Comes The Dervish  © Charles Arthur
Charles Arthur on the first crux of Comes The Dervish
© Charles Arthur, May 1998

Government U-Turn has Positive Prospects for Climbers

On the 17th of November Prime Minister Gordon Brown and information tsar Sir Tim Berners-Lee announced a change in tack on map usage rights.

As of April next year the Ordnance Survey (OS) will be allowing free access to map data down to a scale of 1:10,000.

Currently all OS map data is held under copyright which is strictly enforced. The fees for usage are extremely high, pricing many small businesses out of the market and allowing huge organisations like Google to dominate in the online map field.

Speaking to UKClimbing, former UKC editor and current Guardian technology journalist Charles Arthur said:

"It's a really big change, and one that Guardian Technology has been campaigning for since March 2006 under the banner of "Free Our Data", and we're really happy that it's finally happening."

The possibilities for climbers are quite profound, as websites such as UKC will be able to use high detail OS maps to show crag locations which could be integrated in to GPS or mobile phone technology. Although there are many 'free to use' maps already online, opening up OS information will have a big effect on the quality of data available.

Charles Arthur explained:

"Presently, although you see loads of maps online, they all have to be paid for - and they're surprisingly expensive. Which is why only big organisations like Google can afford to present them. They might look free (because you don't think you're paying for them), but actually councils and other organisations have to pay big money. Ordnance Survey, the government-owned body that does all the mapping, gets £117m in revenues from licensing its maps, including online ones (the majority of its money is from digital maps)."

This could also cross over in to the printed medium with maps inside guidebooks potentially using the OS information. There are multiple possibilities.

OS Map Cover Charles Arthur commented:

"Potentially - though this has to be confirmed - you might even get printed 'climbers' maps', done by forward-thinking companies like Rockfax. Maps with the names of crags on, which don't include useless detail you don't need, and only focus on the things you do. (That depends on the precise detail of the copyright licensing, but it seems to follow that you should be able to print a map from the copyright-free online version)."

The Guardian newspaper has been at the forefront of the campaign to free this data, which would bring the UK in line with the USA who have free access to their maps.

However the union representing staff at the Ordnance Survey said the U-Turn was in "complete contradiction with the OS's own plans to explore commercial opportunities and find new ways of raising revenue". Could this potential lack of revenue be damaging to the OS and result in a drop in quality of the UK's mapping services. Charles Arthur thinks not:

"OS argues that it's functioning like a government-owned private company, and that it doesn't get any tax funding from the Treasury - unlike the Home Office or any other government department. But in fact half its income is from government departments - so that doesn't hold water."

Charles Arthur was a major contributor to from its early days in the late 1990s up to 2008. I remember discussing the issue of OS data with Charles back in 2002 and since then he has been at the cutting edge of the debate in his capacity as a regular Guardian columnist.

Alan James, UKC and Rockfax owner.

Exact details of the shift in policy are not yet available and it seems there has been a lack of communication between the Government and the OS. Answering a query from the Free Our Data website on how much revenue the OS is likely to lose, the OS said they were “not in a position to make any comment at this time”. The lack of any OS representative at No. 10 when the policy shift was announced was surprising, however there is growing public support for the scheme which is clearly a spanner in the OS's future revenue plans.

In their recent article for the TimesOnline Tim Berners-Lee and Nigel Shadbolt sing the praises of freely available information and actually consider it to be a financially viable long-term option:

"When in 1854 John Snow took the deaths from a cholera outbreak in London and plotted them on a map, he was able to illustrate the connection between the quality of the source of water and cholera — the world changed...

...Openly available public data not only creates economic and social capital, it also creates bottom-up pressure to improve public services. Data is essential in enabling citizens to choose between public service providers. It helps them to compare their local services with services elsewhere. It enables all of us to lobby for improvement. Public data is a public good."

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24 Nov, 2009
Potentially awesome news, look forward to seeing how this develops.
24 Nov, 2009
To start off with nearly everyone in the GIS data capture and supply sector has a strong dislike for the OS, their data uses and ‘derived data licence’. This means if you for example draw the line of your bike ride on an OS map the OS own the rights to this data, i.e. to reproduce it (even without showing the background map) you have to pay a licence. This has huge repercussions for all data owners because people want to maintain ownership of there own data. The guardian news paper has not been at the forefront of anything; the free out data campaign was started by GIS users for GIS users and was high jacket as a suedo political topic by the media (as usual and in this case usefully). Local councils and commercial companies have been screaming for this for years as there are certain monopolies that the OS hold that are unbreakable, for example the derived data licence problem, and the ‘Address point’ database of georefrenced address used by the post office. There is no alternative available and all new address data is transferred from the post office to the OS, other companies can’t get a look in. Another example is the boundary line data sets showing counties, districts and parishes etc, if any changes are made the OS has to be notified while other companies and interested parties are not. This means it is impossible to release and alternative product and OS hold on to there monopoly. Go and try and find an exact map of your parish for free…. No chance. Printed climbing maps are a very nice idea but it is extremely unlikely they will allow free data to be used in this way, the OS have to retain some intellectual ownership of their data or becomes worthless. An open licence like this would allow any company to get the data, trace/digitize the mapping and sell there own rival product. (As my company is ready to do if it goes this way). A reduction in price would be a more likely scenario although I’m not sure they will be able to afford that if changes are made. The paper maps market will always revolve around the OS and freeing the data is likely to only put there price up! If people are simply after free mapping go to the OS Openspace website , there is already freely available maps down to 1:10,000 scale (not including 1:25,000). There are also many open source mapping communities, if you guys want free data why don’t you get together and produce it…. Get rid of the OS altogether and make a ‘climbing map of Britain’ (maybe ask UKC nicely for there crag coordinates) See The change is very unlikely to be made anytime soon or at all, the OS have been resisting change for years and there is no way they will be stopping now. The torys are also very likely to be in before a decision is made and it is unlikely they will go the free data direction – more likely the privatise it option (more the Tory style). So although this sounds nice don’t get to excited this is nothing new and it is very unlikely to happen. Tom (GIS, RS and Cartogrphic tecnician)
24 Nov, 2009
Does anyone else have any imput i would be very inrsted to hear some other opinions?
24 Nov, 2009
Don't know what is planned here but I thought the argument for free data (generally, not just maps) was that it is worth making publically derived data free because of the economic benefits elsewhere. If this is the case here then presumably OS data could be entirely free. The OS and others would make money from selling maps and other things derived from that data. The tax generated by the increase in economic activity would offset any increase in the public cost of running the OS.
24 Nov, 2009
I think in the USA most government data is freely available to the public and to business for their use. But, I only know for sure about marine charting. Draconian licensing agreements benefit neither the OS, the public or businesses. The same goes for the UKHO (marine charts). I was speaking to someone at a GIS software company in the USA a couple of weeks ago who did think the OS data was of a high quality (better than their equivalent). In our desire to get the data for free we need to make sure that remains the case.
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