Destination Guide: Almscliff, Yorkshire

© Jamie Moss

Almscliff. The best gritstone crag in Yorkshire.

This crown of Yorkshire gritstone juts above the gentle fields of the Wharf valley, majestic and proud. Its quick-drying walls take no drainage, and with its elevated position, you are afforded stunning views of rural northern England, but a keen wind is likely your constant companion.

"God's own crag"  © jameshiggins
"God's own crag"
© jameshiggins, Jun 2009

The rock is perfect; cracked and sculpted gritstone, in a subtle brown colour, that glows orange when the sun is low. Frictionful and with generally large, but sometimes slopey holds, the steep nature of the crag rewards those with arms bigger than their legs, and it isn't without good reason that the moniker of ARMScliff is commonplace.

But for me, what really stands out most when I think of Almscliff, is the history, and how the routes at this classic crag take us on a journey through the stages of Yorkshire climbing, with the very best routes being climbed by the very best climbers.

Rob looking for the pot of gold on Great Western, HVS © landskip

Really it all started around 1870 with Cecil Slingsby from Skipton squirming his way up several of Almscliff's insidious chimneys, but in terms of more modern style, enjoyable climbing, the crag didn't really come alive until the turn of the century when Ingle and team climbed the ever popular Fluted Columns (Severe). However it was a few more years before the main lines of the crag were breached. Almscliff lay quiet until Arthur Dolphin arrived in the 1940s.

Dolphin's Almscliff routes from this decade rank as some of the very best in Yorkshire, mainly weighing in at around HVS, they tackle the plumb lines of the crag. Routes such as the essential Great Western, the perfect Overhanging Groove with its cheeky crux right at the top, and the unlikely Demon Wall, all superb, all HVS. It's almost as if the jutting outcrop of Almscliff has been designed for climbing at this level.

Almscliff HVS Triple Ticklist

  1. Great Western
  2. Overhanging Groove
  3. Demon Wall

Pippa relaxed on Great Western (HVS 5a), Almscliff, Yorkshire  © Jamie Moss
Pippa relaxed on Great Western (HVS 5a), Almscliff, Yorkshire
© Jamie Moss

The next jump in grades also jumps in history. Although Almscliff does offer some good climbs at E1 and E2 ( Black Wall Eliminate springs to mind) the next set of three unmissable classics are all E3.

Allan Austin is one of my climbing heroes, and Allan made the first ascent of both Western Front and Wall of Horrors. He soloed the first ascent of both routes, and on his first attempt at Western Front in 1958, he took a ground-fall from the crux.

On Wall of Horrors Austin used 'combined tactics' to pass the boulder problem start, but tackled the technical and thin crux up high without the protection of a rope, or the help of a 'leg-up'. It's also worth remembering that this classic route was first top-roped in 1944 by Arthur Dolphin. Austin also toproped both of these lines before his solo ascents, a practice that was common at the time.

John Syrett making the third ascent of Wall of Horrors (E3 6a), Almscliff, in a howling gale in November 1970.
© John Stainforth, Nov 1970

This difficult and steep pair of routes were a significant step up from the past in terms of difficulty and commitment, and although they are now well protected with nuts and cams, they still rank as benchmarks for any aspiring Gritstone climber.

The next route on my ticklist, also an E3, is Big Greeny and is perhaps the hardest of the three routes. Also now well protected with modern gear, the crux of this route is at the top, and a quick look at the UKC Logbooks proves that this rounded gritstone bellyflop is the scene of quite a few falls even today.

This route marked the start of a short but successful climbing career for John Syrett. Syrett, partnered on this occasion by Al Manson, climbed the route in 1973, three years after he had made the first onsight lead of Wall of Horrors.

Almscliff E3 Triple Ticklist

  1. Western Front
  2. The Wall of Horrors
  3. The Big Greeny

There are of course harder routes at Almscliff, and the highball Orchrist is a wonderful sculpted roof, graded E5, although perhaps short enough for the modern high-baller to attack it with bouldering mats instead of a rope, but in general Almscliff lacks the big bald slabs or soaring gearless aretes that usually make up gritstone's hardest.

Soloing Orchrist at Almscliff  © Kevin Avery
Soloing Orchrist at Almscliff
© Kevin Avery, Oct 2008

Whilst perhaps lacking in a good choice of extreme modern routes (as if E3 isn't hard enough!), luckily the best hard moves at Almscliff are found on its many beautiful boulders. From tall and scary to low and desperate, there are enough problems on this perfect and quick drying outcrop to literally last a lifetime.

Almscliff Extreme - Triple Boulder Ticklist:

  1. Demon Wall Roof
  2. Pebble Wall
  3. The Keel

Tim emerging on Demon Wall @ Almscliff  © ChrisJD
Tim emerging on Demon Wall @ Almscliff
© ChrisJD, May 2005


When to Go
Almscliff is a year round venue. Hard boulderers will want the cold temperatures of winter, and fair weather climbers will no doubt seek out sunny summer evenings. The crag literally dries in minutes, but is a cold place in a northerly wind.

Some of the routes tend to take on a green coat, which is lessened in summer, but these are not the norm, and it is common to see local climbers here all year round.

Accommodation Advertise here

No Premier Listings found in this area

Food and Supplies

The nearby town of Otley has all normal shops. Just down the road from the crag is the pub 'The Hunters' which serves Black Sheep, a fine ale.

Ilkley is home to what is probably the nearest climbing shop.

Instructor/Guides Advertise here

No Premier Listings found in this area

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20 Jun, 2012
Nice article, although I'm pretty sure that Stanage isn't in Yorkshire (the border runs along the moor above the crag). Almscliff is a great crag though.
20 Jun, 2012
Yes, I think bits of Stanage are in South Yorkshire, and bits in Derbyshire, but really, it doesn't actually matter. It was a bit of a joke. Jack
20 Jun, 2012
Stanage a bit of a joke? Shurely shome mishtake! ALC
20 Jun, 2012
I messed up my reply - I meant to say that your headline would probably still be correct if Stanage was in Yorkshire!
20 Jun, 2012
It's what I miss most about no longer living in Yorkshire. Happy memories! Jim
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